Sepintas Lalu Tentang Richard Thaler: Pemenang Hadiah Nobel 2017 dalam Sains Ekonomi

“For example, in 1981, Thaler and Santa Clara University’s Hersh Shefrin advanced an “economic theory of self-control” that describes economic phenomena in terms of people’s inability to control their impulses. Sure, people have no trouble motivating themselves to pick up a $10 bill that they might find on a sidewalk. There is no self-control issue there. But they will have trouble resisting the impulse to spend it. As a result, most people save too little for their retirement years.

Economists need to know about such mistakes that people repeatedly make. During a long subsequent career, involving work with UCLA’s Shlomo Benartzi and others, Thaler has proposed mechanisms that will, as he and Harvard Law School’s Cass Sunstein put it in their book Nudge, change the “choice architecture” of these decisions. The same people, with the same self-control problems, could be enabled to make better decisions.”

Selanjutnya boleh baca di sini: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/11/richard-thaler-nobel-prize-winner-behavioural-economics

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Antara karya-karya beliau yang perlu dibaca:

1) Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics

2) Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth and Happiness.

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Macam ‘familiar’ idea-idea yang disusun. Pengalaman yang sama bila membaca karya Elinor Ostrom berjudul Governing the Commons. Ada ‘puzzle’ yang perlu dihubungkan, jika mahu kaitkan idea-idea ini dengan kata kunci-kata kunci utama dalam Pandangan Alam Islam seperti Faham Insan, Faham Agama, Faham Bahagia.

Sehingga saat ini, seakan-akan perlu diakui bahawa dunia Muslim kurang mampu menawarkan idea bagi menyelesaikan beberapa cabaran dunia masani. Contoh yang jelas apabila sitasi yang dilakukan dalam kajian di peringkat Universiti Awam, seperti dalam bidang sains dan teknologi, psikologi, sains sosial, kebanyakkannya menjadikan hasil idea-pemikiran yang bercambah di dunia Barat sebagai bahan utama perbincangan.

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